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Written by Super User Hits: 1271 Created on Monday, 09 June 2014 08:08
Inventory Spotlight: 321/321H
Type Seamless & Welded Pipe Butt Weld Fittings Flanges & Pressure Fittings
Sizes 1/4" thru 16" 1/2" thru 12" All descriptions
Schedules Sch 10, 40, 80, 160, & XXH Sch 10, 40, 80, 160, & XXH  
ASTM Standards
Bar Butt Weld Fittings Forgings Pipe, Welded & Seamless Tube, Welded Tube, Seamless Plate
A276, A479 A403 A182 A312 A249 A213 A240
Minimum Physical Properties
Tensile Strength Yield Strength
75 KSI Min. 30 KSI Min.
Chemical Composition (wt%)
C Mn P S Si Ni Cr Fe Cb&Ta
0.04 - 0.08 2.00 Max 0.04 Max 0.03 Max 0.75 Max 9.0 - 13.0 17.0 - 20.0 Balance 0.2 - 0.6



321 and 347 are austenitic stainless steels that contain stabilizing elements. Both alloys are easily welded. Annealing is not required after welding unless stress relief is desired. Both grades have excellent resistance to oxidation and corrosion. With high creep strength, these alloys work best up to 1600 degF. The addition of titanium in 321, and columbium plus tantalum in 347 give some desired characteristics:

* Prevents harmful carbide precipitation in the heat affected zone (HAZ) of the weld area
* Imparts substantial immunity to intergranular corrosion
* Reduced embrittlement in the HAZ of the weld area


Both alloys are common to the petroleum refining industries: they are used to make radiant superheaters, boiler tubes, high pressure steam pipes, and general refinery piping. They are also used for heavy duty exhaust systems and manifolds.

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